Praise for The Secret History

"A penetrating analysis certain to compel a major reassessment of the Nabokov canon."
— starred review, Booklist

"...a brilliant examination that adds to the understanding of an inspiring and enigmatic life."
— starred review, Kirkus

"Highly recommended for all Nabokov fans..."
— starred review, Library Journal

"Certainly the most remarkable and insightful book on Vladimir Nabokov in many years."
— Michael Maar, author of Speak, Nabokov and The Two Lolitas

"... an intriguing and provocative new take on one of the giants of modern American letters."
— Adam Hochschild, author of To End All Wars: A Story of Loyalty and Rebellion: 1914-1918 and other books

"... a feat of fascinating literary detective work ..."
— Christopher Goffard, author of You Will See Fire and Snitch Jacket

"A wide-ranging introduction to Nabokov's life and work as well as a game-changer for those readers who thought they knew his writing cold."
— Steven Belletto, author of No Accident, Comrade: Chance and Design in Cold War American Narratives (Oxford U. Press)

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The Secret History of Vladimir Nabokov

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Online Nabokoviana

The Nabokov Musuem (in St. Petersburg)

Nabokov family tree

Nabokov homes and haunts


NABOKV-L, the Vladimir Nabokov Listserv

Nabokov Online Journal

Keys to The Gift

Ada, annotated

Bibliography (and more)

Below is a full bibliography for The Secret History of Vladimir Nabokov. Before the bibliography is a space set aside for clarifications or corrections on the printed text, and a separate section listing Nabokov sites I've found useful or interesting. If you have a site you'd like to see included on this list, please email it to me, noting any especially interesting aspects.

Digital Nabokoviana

The Nabokov Musuem (in St. Petersburg)

Nabokov family tree

Nabokov homes and haunts


NABOKV-L, the Vladimir Nabokov Listserv

Nabokov Online Journal

Keys to The Gift

Ada, annotated


2/18/13 – noted by the author - page 99 - “soon to be called Glory”: “soon” should read “eventually.”

2/18/13 – noted by the author - page 100 - “pretends to be Swiss”: it may be worth clarifying that Martin is one-quarter Swiss, but his identity is fully Russian.

2/18/13 – noted by the author – page 162 – “filled out their declarations of intent”: Before disembarking, the Nabokovs did on their immigration paperwork declare their intent to stay in the U.S. permanently, but they did not sign the forms titled “Declaration of Intention” until later that same year.

2/26/13 – Acknowledgments: A (regrettably missed) thank you to D. Barton Johnson, who read and commented on a write-up of my early Pale Fire research in 2009.

5/20/13 – noted by the author – page 390, note 77– "an Oscar-winning director": William Dieterle did direct Oscar-winning films and was himself nominated for an Academy Award in 1937 for his direction of The Life of Emile Zola, but he never won the Oscar for Best Director.



The works of Vladimir Nabokov
(note that this list includes only works referenced in The Secret History of Vladimir Nabokov)

Ada or Ardor: a Family Chronicle
The Annotated Lolita
Bend Sinister
Conclusive Evidence
The Defense
Eugene Onegin
The Gift
Invitation to a Beheading
King, Queen, Knave
Lectures on Literature
Lectures on Russian Literature
Look at the Harlequins!
Nikolai Gogol
Pale Fire
The Real Life of Sebastian Knight
Speak, Memory
Strong Opinions

Selected Poems, edited by Thomas Karshan
The Stories of Vladimir Nabokov
The Man from the U.S.S.R. & Other Plays

Key works and sources

Vladimir Nabokov: The American Years, by Brian Boyd (1991)
Vladimir Nabokov: The Russian Years, by Brian Boyd (1990)
Vladimir Nabokov: His Life in Art, by Andrew Field (1967)
Vladimir Nabokov: His Life in Part, by Andrew Field (1978)
Véra (Mrs. Vladimir Nabokov), by Stacy Schiff (2000)

Berg Collection of English and American Literature, New York Public Library
Bundesarchiv-Filmarchiv, Berlin
Dear Bunny, Dear Volodya: The Nabokov-Wilson Letters, 1940-1971, ed. Simon Karlinsky (2001)
Library of Congress
Neuengamme Concentration Camp Memorial
The New York Review of Books
The New York Times
The Twelve Who Are To Die: The Trial of the Socialists-Revolutionists, by the Delegation of the Party of the Socialists-Revolutionists (Berlin, 1922)
US Holocaust Memorial Museum
Vladimir Nabokov Museum
Vladimir Nabokov, Selected Letters 1940-1977, eds. Dmitri Nabokov/Matthew Bruccoli (1991)
Wellesley College Archives

Declassified documents and public records

US Federal Bureau of Investigation

Vladimir Nabokov – see Sonia Slonim FBI file below (relevant pages already posted here)

Véra Nabokov – see Sonia Slonim file below (relevant pages already posted here)

Sonia Slonim – File #121-HQ-10141, including a loyalty review by the FBI and Department of the Army Intelligence and Security Command documents. Some information already written up/posted here.

Nicholas Nabokov – File #123-1231. File  starts from April 1943 and continues through July 1948, then picks for several final pages covering April to June 1967. Includes background check information from Nicholas’ intelligence work during the war, as well as a more in-depth Cold War investigation.

Edmund Wilson – File #105-177115 This portion of Wilson’s FBI file deals with just an investigation of whether or not Wilson attended a 1968 Cultural Congress in Havana, Cuba. Those wishing to see additional info on Wilson should also request File #s 100-381720 and 100-381720-5.

US Citizenship and Immigration Services

Vladimir Nabokov – C-File 6556567. See Nabokov’s full immigration file in the Records section of this website.

Véra Nabokov – C-File 6556566 and Visa File 3027265. See both Véra Nabokov’s files in the Records section of this website.

Nicholas Nabokov – C-File 4640765. See Nicholas Nabokov’s full immigration file in the Records section of this website.

Sophia (Sonia) Slonim – C-File C6695603 and Visa File 3069615. Information on Sonia Slonim’s immigration, name change request, and eventual US citizenship. Some of this information already written up/posted here.

Carl Junghans - A File A-7595300. Over 300 pages, this file details Junghans’ relations with USDOJ-INS on questions of deportation, alien registration, internment and visa status from 1941 to 1950. (Another FOIA is still in process for the 1950s and 1960s information on Junghans). Some information already written up/posted here.

US National Archives and Records Administration

Carl Junghans – Record Group 60, Department of Justice, Entry UD UP 5 “World War II Alien Enemy Detention and Internment Case Files, 1941-1952″ – Case File # 146-13-2-12-771 – Stack Location 230/25/06/05 – Box 119. All correspondence directly related to the internment and later parole of Carl Junghans, including correspondence with the Alien Enemy Control Unit. Some information already written up/posted here.

US Central Intelligence Agency

Geographic Intelligence Report – Novaya Zemlya – Document CIA/RR-G-18 – January 1958. Declassified 5/12/2000 – CIA Analysts’ Cold War attempt to summarize what was known about Soviet activity on the northern Arctic Islands, from air operations and naval activities to population, prisoners, and economic development.

General Register Office of England

Boris Petkevitch – DVD 166409/Application Number 3691934-1 – Death certificate for Nabokov’s former brother-in-law, who was married to Olga Nabokov in Prague before fleeing to England.

Additional sources and information

Several articles (often wire reports) appeared in substantially the same form in the Times of London, the International Herald Tribune (in its various incarnations), and The New York Times. In order to let spelunkers more easily dive into this material, where The New York Times covered a given story, I have cited its version, which can be accessed electronically without charge at most public libraries in the United States.

I reviewed many of Nabokov's draft manuscripts, journals, and letters in the holdings of the Berg Collection at the New York Public Library and the Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress, but did not always cite the primary source in my book. In situations where Andrew Field, Brian Boyd, or Stacy Schiff had already covered a matter in the Nabokovs' lives in one of the biographies, I often cited their reference(s) to a given conversation or incident in my endnotes, both to acknowledge their work and to inform readers about other already-published accounts that would not require them to visit or gain access to (in some cases) restricted archives.

“2 Nazi Airmen Slain in Canadian Break,” NYT, April 22, 1941, 3.

“28 Nazi Fliers Tunnel to Liberty in Canada,” NYT, April 20, 1941, 1.

“30 Children Join Picnic of Nations,” NYT, July 20, 1959, 12.

“66 Are Executed by Soviet, Accused of Terrorist Plots,” NYT, Dec. 6, 1934, 1.

Abarinov, Vladimir, The Murderers of Katyn, Hippocrene Books: New York, 1993.

Abraham, Richard, Alexander Kerensky, Columbia University Press: New York, 1990.

Action on Dissident Protested in Soviet,” NYT, March 13, 1968, 6.

Adams, J. Donald, “Speaking of Books,” NYT, October 26, 1958, BR2.

Adler, Mike, Dreaded Island: A History of Novaya Zemlya, Gulag Research Press: Frederick, MD, 2011.

“Alien Arrests Net Women in Britain,” NYT, May 28, 1940, 7.

Amis, Martin, “Martin Amis on Lolita,”

“Anti-Jewish Move Is Harming Laval,” NYT, September 6, 1942, 14.

“Anti-Milukov Plot Under Munich Inquiry,” NYT, March 31, 1922, 3.

“Anti-Nazi Feeling Grows in Bavaria,” NYT, Nov. 11, 1933, 8.

Antisemitism: A Historical Encyclopedia of Prejudice and Persecution, ABC-CLIO, 2005, 363.

Applebaum, Anne, Gulag: A History, New York: Doubleday, 2003.

“Arctic Called Soviet Test Site,” NYT, March 9, 1958, 41.

“An Arctic Resort for the Russians,” NYT, April, 22, 1934, XX12.

Argento, Dominick, Catalogue raisonné as memoir, University of Minnesota Press, 2004.

Armagnac, Armand, “New Cities in the Arctic,” Popular Science, May 1937, 25-6 (text and map).

“Arrests in Britain,” James B. Reston, NYT, May 12, 1940, 1.

“Atomic Physicist Scraps Defense of Reds at Cultural Talk as Result of Korea Attack,” NYT, June 28, 1950, 9.

Auger, Martin, Prisoners of the Home Front, Vancouver: UBC Press, 2005.

Bacher, Lutz, Max Ophüls in the Hollywood Studios, Rutgers University Press, 1996.

Baker, Nicholson, Human Smoke, Simon & Schuster, 2008.

Barabtarlo, Gennady, “Nabokov in the Wilson Archive,” Cycnos, Volume 10 n°1; posted online June 13, 2008.

Barnes, Christopher and Boris Leonidovich Pasternak, Boris Pasternak: 1928-1960, A Literary Biography, Cambridge University Press, 1989 (2 vols.).

Belletto, Steven, No Accident, Comrade: Chance and Design in Cold War American Narratives, Oxford University Press, 2011.

---, “The Zemblan Who Came in from the Cold,” ELH, vol. 73, no. 3, 755-80.

Belloc, Hillaire, The Jews, Houghton Mifflin, 1922.

Belmonte, Laura, Selling the American Way: U.S. Propaganda and the Cold War, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008.

Berberova, Nina, The Italics Are Mine, Vintage, 1999.

Berkman, Sylvia, “Smothered Voices: Nabokov’s Dozen,” NYT, September 21, 1958, BR5.

Bernstein, Adam, “John H. Noble Survived, Denounced Soviet Captivity,” obituary in The Washington Post, November 17, 2007.

“Blue-Law Reform Sought in Britain,” NYT, Drew Middleton, January 12, 1959, 12.

“Boycott of Jews Reviving in Reich,” NYT, December 29, 1937, 6.

Boyd, Brian, “New Light on Nabokov’s Russian Years” Cycnos, Volume 10, No. 1.

---, Vladimir Nabokov: The American Years, Princeton University Press: Princeton, 1991.

---, Vladimir Nabokov: The Russian Years, Princeton University Press: Princeton, 1990.

---, Nabokov’s Pale Fire: The Magic of Artistic Discovery, Princeton University Press: Princeton, 1999.

Braden, Thomas, “Speaking Out: I’m Glad the CIA Is ‘Immoral’,” The Saturday Evening Post, May 20, 1967, 10-14.

“Brief Overview of the World War II Enemy Alien Control Program,” USNA:

Brigham, Daniel, “Inquiries Confirm Nazi Death Camps,” NYT, July 3, 1944, 3.

“British Seize ‘Lolita,’” NYT, May 5, 1959, 36.

“British Tory Fights Reds’ Forced Labor,” NYT, February 8, 1931, 15.

Brovkin, Vladimir, “Workers Unrest and the Bolsheviks’ Response in 1919,” Slavic Review, vol. 49, No. 3 (Autumn 1990).

Brownmiller, Susan, Femininity, Ballantine Books, 1985.

Buca, Edward, Vorkuta (Constable, 1976), 325-6.

Buchanan, George, My Mission to Russia, Little, Brown & Co,, 1923.

Bunin, Ivan. The Liberation of Tolstoy: a tale of two writers, Northwestern University Press, 2001.

Burks, Edward, “Buckley Assails Vietnam Protest,” NYT, October 22, 1965, 1.

Burridge, William, “How Amnesty Is Fulfilling Pope’s Holy Year Appeal,” Catholic Herald, March 7, 1975.

Campbell, James, “The spice of life,” The Guardian, June 25, 2004.

Caselli, Graziella, with Jacques Vallin and Guillaume J. Wunsch, Demography: Analysis and Synthesis, vol. 1, Academic Press; Waltham, Mass., 2006, 426.

CBS Evening News, “Solzhenitsyn Arrested,” Tuesday, February 14, 1974.

CBS News, “Oswald Midnight Press Conference,” recorded November 22/23, 1963.

“Chinese for Jews: Benefits for Kishineff Sufferers in Doyers Street Theater,” NYT, May 12, 1903, 3.

Clark, Delbert, “Soviet Deserters Said To Be Hiding to Avoid Forced Return To Russia,” NYT, March 26, 1947, 12.

“Cold Pogrom in Vienna,” NYT, July 9, 1938, 12.

Conquest, Robert, The Great Terror: A Reassessment, Oxford University Press, 2007.

“Constantinople’s Russians,” NYT,April 23, 1922, 105.

“Coughlin In Error, Kerensky Asserts,” NYT, November 29, 1938, 20.

Couturier, Maurice, Nabokov ou la tentation française, Gallimard, 2011.

Cull, Nicholas John, Selling War: the British Propaganda Campaign against American “Neutrality” in World War II, Oxford University Press: London, 1996.

Currivan, Gene, “Nazi Death Factory Shocks Germans on a Forced Tour,” April 16, 1944, 1.

“Czarist Officers Shot at Milukov,” NYT, March 30, 1922, 3.

Dabney, Lewis, Edmund Wilson: A Life in Literature, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005.

Day, Duane. “Of myths and missiles: the Truth about John F. Kennedy and the Missile Gap,” The Space Review, January 3, 2006.

De Bogory, Nathalie, “The New Russian Exile and the Old,” NYT, April 24, 1921, BRM4.

“The Death of V.D. Nabokov,” Rul, March 30, 1922, LC.

DeGroot, Gerard, The Bomb: A Life, Harvard University Press, 2005.

de la Durantaye, Leland, “The Pattern of Cruelty and the Cruelty of Pattern in Vladimir Nabokov,” The Cambridge Quarterly, October 2006, 301-326.

Denny, Harold, “Soviet ‘Cleansing’ Sweeps through All Strata of Life,” NYT, September 13, 1937, 1.

Der Ewige Jude, Munich: Zentralverlag der NSDAP, Franz Eher Nachfolger GmbH, 1937.

Diamond, Hanna, Fleeing Hitler: France 1940, Oxford University Press, 2007.

Diment, Galya, Pniniad, University of Washington Press, 1997.

“Discrimination by Hotels Seen,” NYT, March 17, 1953, 28.

Dolbier, Maurice, “Nabokov’s Plums,” interview with Vladimir Nabokov, New York Herald Tribune, June 17, 1962, B2.

Dolinin, Alexander, “The Caning of Modernist Profaners: Parody in Despair,” originally in  Cycnos, vol. 12, no. 2, 1995, 43-54, expanded and posted online at

---, “What Happened to Sally Horner?” The Times Literary Supplement, September 9, 2005, 27-8.

Don Levine, Isaac, ed., Plain Talk: An Anthology, Arlington House: New Rochelle, 1976.

---, “Soviet ‘Purge’ Condemned,” NYT letter to the editor, December 12, 1934, 22.

Dragunoiu, Dana, Vladimir Nabokov and the Poetics of Liberalism, Northwestern University Press, 2011, 25.

Duranty, Walter, “Soviet Chiefs Stage Anti-Treason Show,” NYT, June 22, 1922, 3.

---, “Soviet Hopes High as Industry Gains,” NYT, July 3, 1933, 3.

---, “Soviet Releases 12,484 in Record Amnesty,” NYT, August 5, 1933, 1.

“Dying Refugees Crawl into Brest-Litovsk” NYT, August 9, 1921, 3.

“Electronic Prying Grows: CIA Is Spying from 100 Miles Up,” NYT, April 27, 1966, 1.

“Emma Goldman Denounces Rule of Soviets,” NYT, April 5, 1925, XX4.

Emery, Steuart, “Soviet Sends Exiles to Jail by Airplane,” NYT, March 21, 1926, XX24.

“Ex-Prince Declares He Can Beat Roulette,” NYT, July 23, 1926, 13.

“Exiled Russians To Leave This Week,” NYT, August 28, 1922, 10.

“Farcical Trial of Countess Panin,” NYT, December 26, 1917, 2.

Field, Andrew, Vladimir Nabokov: His Life in Art, Little, Brown and Company: Boston, 1967.

---, Vladimir Nabokov: His Life in Part, Penguin: Middlesex, 1978.

---, “Prime Exhibits,” NYT, September 18, 1966, 419.

Figes, Orlando, The Whisperers: Private Life in Stalin’s Russia, Macmillan, 2008.

Fishman, Lala and Steve Weingartener,  Lala’s Story: a memoir of the Holocaust, Northwestern University Press, 1998.

“Foreign News: Stalin, Navachine and Blum,” TIME magazine, February 8, 1937.

Fosburg, Lacey, “Art and Literary people urged to look inward,” NYT, May 22, 1969, 52.

“Freedom of Encounter Magazine,” NYT letters to the editor, May 10, 1966, 44.

“French Jews Sent to a Nazi Oblivion,” NYT, April 1, 1943, 2.

“French Liner Champlain Here,” NYT, May 27, 1940, 25.

Friedlander, Saul, The Years of Extermination: Nazi Germany and the Jews 1939-1944, HarperCollins, 2008.

Gaiton-Marullo, Thomas. Ivan Bunin: the twilight of émigré Russia, Ivan R. Dee, 2002.

Geifman, Anna, ed., Russia Under the Last Tsar, Blackwell, 1999.

---, Thou Shalt Kill, Princeton University Press: Princeton, 1995.

“German Flier Escapes in Canada,” NYT, January 9, 1943, 4.

“German Fugitives Tell of Atrocities at Hands of Nazis,” NYT, March 20, 1933, 1.

Gilbert, Martin, Churchill and the Jews, MacMillan, 2008.

---, The Routledge Atlas of Russian History, Fourth Edition, Routledge, 2007.

Gold, Herbert, “The Art of Fiction, No. 40, Vladimir Nabokov,” interview from The Paris Review, Summer-Fall 1967.

“Gold in Arctic,” from the Tyrone (Pa.) Daily Herald, February 4, 1933.

Goldman, Eric, The Tragedy of Lyndon Johnson, Dell, 1974.

Gordon, David, “America First: the Anti-War Movement, Charles Lindbergh, and the Second World War, 1940-1941,” presented at a joint meeting of the Historical Society and The New York Military Affairs Symposium on September 26, 2003.

Gregory, Paul and Valerii Lazarev, The Economics of Forced Labor, Hoover Press, 2003.

“Group Denies C.I.A. Influence,” NYT letters to the editor, May 16, 1966, 46.

Grose, Peter, “Moscow Unrelenting in Blackout on Solzhenitsyn,” NYT, December 12, 1968, 4.

Grossman, Lev, “The Gay Nabokov,” Salon, May 17, 2001.

Gruson, Sidney. “U.S. and Russians Pull Back Tanks from Berlin Line,” NYT, October 29, 1961, 1.

Gwertzman, Bernard, “Solzhenitsyn Shuns Nobel Trip,” NYT, November 28, 1970, 1.

Haas, Mark, The Ideological Origins of Great Power Politics, Cornell University Press, 2007.

Harding, Luke, “Signs of dispute on Moscow’s Solzhenitsyn Street,” The Guardian, December 12, 2008.

“H.G. Wells Lost in the Russian Shadow,” NYT, December 5, 1920, 102.

Hill, Gladwin, “Flow of Displaced Tangled in Europe,” NYT, May 30, 1945, 12.

“Hitler Is Pleased to Get Rid of Foes,” NYT, March 27, 1938, 25.

History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks): Short Course (Moscow, 1948), 324-329.

“Hives of Russian Refugees,” NYT, Jan 8, 1922, 84.

Hochschild, Adam, The Unquiet Ghost: Russians Remember Stalin, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2003.

Hoffman, Stefani and Ezra Mendelsohn, The Revolution of 1905 and Russia’s Jews, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008, 63.

“House Committee To Press Embargo on Soviet Products,” NYT, February 1, 1931, 1.

Janowitz, Morris, “German Reactions to Nazi Atrocities,” The American Journal of Sociology, vol. 52, no. 2 (September, 1946): 141–146.

Johnson, D. Barton, “Nabokov, Ayn Rand, and Russian-American Literature or, the Odd Couple” Cycnos, vol. 12, no. 2, 1995: 100-108.
Johnson, Daniel, White King and Red Queen: How the Cold War Was Fought on the Chessboard, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2008.

Johnston, Robert Harold, New Mecca, New Babylon: Paris and the Russian Exiles 1920-45, McGill-Queens, 1988.

Judaken, Jonathan, Jean-Paul Sartre and the Jewish Question, U of Nebraska Press, 2007.

Judt, Tony, The Burden of Responsibility, University of Chicago Press, 2007.

Karlinsky, Simon, “Nabokov and Chekhov: the lesser Russian tradition,” Triquarterly, Winter 1970 , 7-16.

---, ed., Dear Bunny, Dear Volodya: The Nabokov-Wilson Letters, 1940-1971, University of California Press: Berkeley, 2001.

Karski, Jan, The Story of a Secret State, Houghton Mifflin Co: New York, 1944.

Keller, Bill, “Stalin Victims Vindicated,” NYT, June 14, 1988, 1.

Kelly, Sean, review of Whitehall and the Jews for Reviews in History:

Kendal, Diana Elizabeth. Members Only: Elite Clubs and the Process of Exclusion, Rowman & Littlefield,  2008.

Kessler, Harry and Charles Kessler, Berlin in Lights: The Diaries of Count Harry Kessler (1918 – 1937), Grove Press, 2001.

Khalturin, Vitaly et al., “A Review of Nuclear Testing by the Soviet Union at Novaya Zemlya 1955-1990” Science and Global Security: 13 (2005): 1-42.

Kizny, Tomasz. Gulag: Life and Death inside the Soviet Concentration Camps, Firefly Books: Buffalo, 2004.

"Khrushchev Calls Off Plan for Visit to Scandinavia,” NYT, July 21, 1959, 1.

Klarsfeld, Beate et Serge. Le Memorial de la deportation des juifs de France, Paris 1978.

Klein, Sandy, “Nabokov's Inspiration for The Defense,” note on NABOKV-L, the Nabokov Listserv, Saturday, May 28, 2011 5:51 PM.

Klier, John, Russians, Jews, and the Pogroms of 1881-82, Cambridge University Press, 2011: 216.

Koch, Eric, Deemed Suspect: A Wartime Blunder, Methuen: Toronto, 1980.

Koestler, Arthur, “The Nightmare That Is a Reality,” NYT, January 9, 1944, SM5.

Kotek et al., Le Siècle des Camps: Détention, concentration, extermination—cent ans de mal radical, Paris: J.C. Lattès, 2000.

Kritzman, Lawrence et al., The Columbia History of Twentieth-Century French Thought Columbia University Press, 2007.

Kuhn, Gertraude, with Karl Tümmler and Walter Wimmer (eds.), Film und revolutionäre Arbeiterbewegung 1918-1932, vol. 2, Berlin: Henschel Verlag, 1975.

Kunitz, Stanley, “The Other Country Inside Russia,” NYT Sunday Magazine, August 20, 1967, 24.

Kramer, Hilton, “A Talk with Solzhenitsyn,” NYT Book Review, May 11, 1980, BR1.

Larkov, S and F. Romanenko. “The Northernmost Island of the Gulag Archipelago,” from the Memorial website:

Leighton, Lauren, note to NABOKV-L, the Nabokov Listserv, July 14, 1995:;54cd537.950y

Lenin, Vladimir, “When You Hear the Judgement of a Fool,” pamphlet, January 1907.

Lennoe, Matthew Edward, The Kirov Murder and Soviet History, Yale University Press, 2010).

Leonard, John, “The Jewish Cossack,” The Nation, November 26, 2001.

“Letters from the Japanese American Internment,” Smithsonian Education site,

Leving, Yuri, “Phantom in Jerusalem,” The Nabokovian, Fall 1996, 30-44.

Lewis, Anthony, “Solzhenitsyn Hailed Despite Absence at Presentation of 1970 Nobel Awards,” NYT, December 11, 1970, 3.

Levy, Alan, “Understanding Vladimir Nabokov: A Red Autumn Leaf Is a Red Autumn Leaf, Not a Deflowered Nymphet,” NYT Magazine, October 31, 1971.

Leysmith, W.F., “Britons in Dispute over Enemy Aliens,” NYT, April 7, 1940, 33.

“Library Bans ‘Lolita,’” NYT, September 19, 1958, 23.

Lipper, Elinor, Eleven Years in Soviet Prison Camps, Regnery: Chicago, 1951.

“‘Lolita’ Shunned in Newark,” NYT, October 8, 1958, 19.

Lukes, Igor, Czechoslovakia between Stalin and Hitler: the diplomacy of Edvard Beneš in the 1930s, Oxford University Press US, 1996.

Lutz, Ralph Haswell, The German Revolution, vol. 1, Stanford University Publications, 1922.

Lynch, Allen, How Russia Is Not Ruled: Reflections on Russian Political Development, Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Maar, Michael, Speak, Nabokov, Verso Books, 2010.

---,“Tagebücher: warum schreibt man sie, warum liest man sie?,” Schriftenreihe der Vontobel Stiftung, Zürich 2012.

Macdonald, Dwight, Review of Pale Fire, Partisan Review, vol. 39, no. 3 (summer 1962), 437-42.

McCarthy, Mary, “A Bolt from the Blue,” The New Republic, CXLVI (June 4, 1962), 21.

McCormick, Anne O’Hare, “Europe,” NYT, July 4, 1938, 12.

---, “Abroad: When the Policemen Want to Go Home,” NYT, January 14, 1946, 18.

Marvin, Carolyn, “Avery Brundage and American participation in the 1936 Olympic Games,” The Journal of American Studies vol. 16 (1982), 82-3.

Medical Record, Nov. 30, 1918, “Military Medicine” entry, 944.

Medlin, Virgin and Steven Parsons, V.D. Nabokov and the Russian Provisional Government , Yale University Press, 2006, 119.

Meige, Henry, “The Wandering Jew in the Clinic: a Study in Neurotic Pathology,” in Nouvelle Iconographie de la Salpêtrière, Hasan-Rokemand Dundes, 190-194.

Meyer, Priscilla, “Nabokov’s Critics: A Review Article,” Modern Philology 91.3 (1994), 336.

Meyers, Jeffrey, Edmund Wilson: A Biography, Cooper Square Press edition, New York, 2003.

Mierzejewski, Alfred. The Most Valuable Asset of the Reich: 1933-45, University of North Carolina Press, 2000.

Miller, Stuart Creighton, Benevolent Assimilation: The American Conquest of the Philippines 1898-1903.

Monas, Silas, “Across the Threshold: The Idiot as a Petersburg tale,” from New Essays on Dostoyevsky, Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Montefiore, Simon Sebag, Young Stalin, Vintage, 2008.

Morrison, John, “The State Duma: A Political Experiment,” from Russia Under the Last Tsar, Anna Geifman, ed., Blackwell, 1999, 146.

“Mr. Churchill’s Address Calling for United Effort for World Peace,” NYT, March 6, 1946, 4.

Nabokov, Nicholas, Bagazh: Memoirs of a Russian Cosmopolitan, Atheneum, 1975: 108.

Nabokov, V.D. “A Distressing Problem,” from Struggling Russia, Volume 2, Arkady Joseph Sack, ed., February 7, 1920, 737.

Nabokov, Vladimir, and Alfred Appel (ed.), The Annotated Lolita. New York: Vintage (Random House), 1991.

Nabokov, Vladimir, with Nabokov, Dmitri and Matthew Bruccoli (eds.), Vladimir Nabokov, Selected Letters 1940-1977, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich: San Diego, 1989.

Nabokov, Vladimir, and Thomas Karshan (ed.), Selected Poems, Knopf: New York, 2012.

Nabokov, Vladimir, Ada, or Ardor: A Family Chronicle, Vintage (Random House): New York, 1990.

---, Bend Sinister, New York: Vintage (Random House), 1990.

---, Conclusive Evidence, Harper & Brothers: New York, 1951.

---, The Defense, Vintage (Random House): New York, 1990.

---, Despair, Vintage (Random House): New York, 1989.

---, The Enchanter, Vintage (Random House): New York, 1991.

---, Encounter, Letters to the editor, May 1966, 91.

---, Eugene Onegin, 2 vols., Bollingen/Princeton University Press: Princeton, 1990.

--.,The Gift, Vintage (Random House): New York, 1991.

---, Glory, Vintage (Random House): New York, 1991.

---, Invitation to a Beheading, New York: Vintage (Random House), 1989.

---, King, Queen, Knave, Vintage (Random House): New York, 1989.

---, Lectures on Literature, Harvest (Harcourt Brace Jovanovich): San Diego, 1980.

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